Fig Wasp

Fig Wasp

Fig Wasps are one of the most fascinating insects in the world. They are tiny, but they play a vital role in the pollination of figs and other plants. These wasps have adapted to their environment over millions of years, making them highly specialized for their job. In this short article, we will discuss the appearance of fig wasps, their life cycle and their behaviour of fig wasps.


  • Fig wasps are tiny pests that play an essential role in the pollination of fig trees. 
  • They have a unique body structure that helps them to cling to the flowers and move around quickly. 
  • They also have long antennae which they use to detect potential food sources. 
  • The 1.5 mm (0.06 inch) long female fig wasp was imported to the western United States in order to pollinate the Smyrna fig, a significant commercial variety.

Life Cycle

  • The female wasp passes away inside the fig after completing her life’s work. 
  • The grubs that hatch from the eggs develop inside the seeds. 
  • They emerge from the seeds after finishing their whole growth in a few weeks. 
  • First to emerge are the males, who then start searching for ladies to mate with. 
  • The female wasps lay their eggs inside the figs, while the male wasps fertilize them by transferring pollen from one flower to another. As a result, these tiny creatures help in ensuring that fig trees produce healthy fruits for us to enjoy.

Habit or Behaviour

These wasps are often found in tropical and subtropical regions, where they feed on the nectar and pollen of fig flowers. In the family Agaonidae, the females are typical insects, whilst the males are typically wingless. Males only have two responsibilities: mating with females while they are still inside the fig syconium (inverted flower), and chewing a hole for the females to crawl through to exit the inside of the fig.

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